What is a Kendrick extrication device used for?
The Kendrick Extrication Device (KED) is a type of medical device used for immobilizing and supporting the neck and spine of a patient who has been involved in a trauma, such as a car accident. The KED is designed to allow for safe and easy extrication of the patient from the scene of the accident, while minimizing the risk of further injury.
The KED consists of a series of straps and pads that are placed around the patient’s head, neck, and torso, and are secured in place using buckles and Velcro. The device is designed to provide immobilization and support to the patient’s neck and spine, which can help to prevent further injury and reduce pain.
The KED is typically used in emergency medical situations, such as motor vehicle accidents, where the patient may have sustained a spinal cord injury or other serious trauma. It is designed to be easy to use and can be quickly and securely applied to the patient, allowing for safe and efficient transport to a medical facility.
Overall, the Kendrick Extrication Device is a valuable tool for emergency medical responders and healthcare providers, allowing for safe and effective immobilization and support of patients who have sustained traumatic injuries.
When not to use a Kendrick extrication device?
While the Kendrick Extrication Device (KED) is a valuable tool for immobilizing and supporting the neck and spine of a patient who has sustained a traumatic injury, there are certain situations in which it may not be appropriate or safe to use. Here are some examples of when the KED should not be used:
- Penetrating trauma: The KED should not be used in cases of penetrating trauma, such as stab wounds or gunshot wounds, as it can potentially worsen the patient’s injuries.
- Obvious spinal deformity or instability: If the patient has an obvious spinal deformity or instability, such as a dislocated or fractured vertebra, the KED may not provide sufficient immobilization and could potentially make the injury worse.
- Suspected hip or pelvic fracture: The KED may not be appropriate for patients with suspected hip or pelvic fractures, as it can put pressure on these areas and potentially worsen the injury.
- Anatomical constraints: The KED may not be suitable for patients with certain anatomical constraints, such as pregnant women or obese patients, as it may be difficult to secure the device properly.
- Patient intolerance: In some cases, the patient may not be able to tolerate the KED due to pain or discomfort, in which case alternative immobilization methods should be used.
How do you use a KED splint?
- Check for injuries: Before applying the KED, assess the patient for any other injuries or medical conditions that may require attention.
- Position the patient: Position the patient on a backboard or other rigid surface, with their head and neck in a neutral position.
- Place the KED: Open the KED and place it over the patient’s torso, with the head and neck in the center of the device. Make sure the device is centered over the patient’s body and that the head and neck are in a neutral position.
- Secure the straps: Secure the upper and lower torso straps, making sure they are snug but not too tight. Tighten the chin strap, making sure the patient’s airway is not restricted.
- Adjust as necessary: Make any necessary adjustments to the KED to ensure proper alignment and support of the patient’s head and neck.
- Transport the patient: Once the KED is properly secured, transport the patient to a medical facility as quickly and safely as possible.
It is important to note that the specific instructions for using a KED may vary depending on the manufacturer and the situation. Healthcare providers and emergency medical responders should receive proper training in the use of the KED and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to ensure the device is used correctly and safely.